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REVIEW ARTICLES
Year : 2005  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 126-131

Corrosion in titanium dental implants: literature review


Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences, DRDO, Min of Defence, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
N Adya
Dr. Nidhi Adya, 3E/15 Jhandewalan Extension, New Link Road, New Delhi - 110055
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-4052.17104

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The corrosion of dental biomaterials is a pertinent clinical issue. In spite of the recent innovative metallurgical and technological advances and remarkable progress in the design and development of surgical and dental materials, failures do occur. The present article describes the problem of corrosion in titanium dental implants. The clinical significance of the dental implant corrosion is highlighted and the most common form of corrosion i.e. galvanic corrosion is emphasized both in vitro and in vivo conditions. The article is presented keeping in view of carrying out different studies for indigenous titanium dental implant and indigenous alloys. The Department of Dental Research at Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Allied Sciences has developed indigenous Titanium Dental Implants and Base metal Alloys. The studies carried out have proven their biocompatibility and suitability to be used for oral defects. The aim of the study is to evaluate galvanic corrosion current around indigenously developed Titanium Dental Implant when coupled to a Base metal Alloy.


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