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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-32

An in vitro comparison of the effect of various surface treatments on the tensile bond strength of three different luting cement to zirconia copings


Department of Prosthodontics, Crown, Bridge and Implantology, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, RGUHS University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. B L Bhavana
Department of Prosthodontics, Coorg Institute of Dental Sciences, Kanjithanda Kushalappa Campus, Maggula Village, Virajpet, Kodagu - 571 218, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jips.jips_247_18

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Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the tensile bond strength of zirconia copings subjected to three different surface treatment methods and cemented with three different luting agents. Materials and Methods: Seventy-two extracted maxillary premolar teeth were prepared to receive zirconia copings milled using computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing technology, which were divided into 9 groups of 8 specimens each. Three surface treatment protocols such as hydrofluoric acid etch treatment, air abrasion with 110-μm aluminum oxide (Al2O3), and tribochemical silica coating (Rocatec) treatment were carried out, and copings were cemented with three luting agents such as resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RelyX luting 2), 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (10-MDP) resin cement (Panavia F 2.0) and 4-methacryloxyethyl trimellitic acid (4-META) resin cement (G-Cem). Tensile bond strength of the copings was tested in a universal testing machine. Zirconia copings fabricated on the prepared extracted tooth. After the three surface treatments and cementing the zirconia crowns with three luting agents tensile bond strength is tested. The mean and standard deviations (SD) were calculated for the nine groups using one-way ANOVA, followed by Tukey–Kramer post hoc using the SPSS software. Results: The ANOVA test showed that the measured mean bond strength values were 4.22 MPa (tribochemicalsilica coating and MDP resin), 2.71 MPa (air abrasion and MDP resin), 2.61 MPa (tribochemical treatment with META), and 0.66 MPa (RelyX with air abrasion). According to the pairwise comparison of Tukey's honestly significant difference test, significant differences were exhibited among all the groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Tribochemical silica coating in combination with 10-MDP and 4-META adhesive resins provided the maximum bonding for zirconia copings.


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