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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 101-112

The effect of incorporating various reinforcement materials on flexural strength and impact strength of polymethylmethacrylate: A meta-analysis

Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Darshan Dental College and Hospital, Loyara, Udaipur, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manali Vipul Somani
201, Aditya Avenue, Near State Bank of India, Citylight Area, Surat - 395 007, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jips.jips_313_18

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Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) is a widely used denture base material with a major drawback of inferior mechanical properties. In the existing published reports, most studies indicate the superiority of the incorporation of various reinforcement materials in PMMA in terms of the flexural strength (FS) and impact strength (IS), whereas none shows the compilation and comparison of all. The present meta-analysis aims at synthesizing all the available data. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the existing reports to compare and evaluate the effect of various reinforcement materials on FS and IS of heat-cured acrylic resin (PMMA) by combining the available evidence in a meta-analysis. A search strategy was adopted using PubMed, ScienceDirect, Ebscohost, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials in February 2018 to screen research studies. These studies were screened against predetermined criteria for eligibility for meta-analysis. In the present meta-analysis, twenty articles were included. Out of 15 data available on reinforcement, 14 showed better results for IS of reinforced PMMA resin as compared to their respective control group. Out of the 25 available data, 11 showed better results for FS of reinforced PMMA resin when compared to their respective control group. The homogeneity test of meta-analysis confirmed acceptable heterogeneity among 15 reinforcement techniques of IS (i2 = 95.8%) and 25 reinforcement techniques of FS (i2 = 96.2%). A random-effects model and fixed-effects model were used for analysis. The present meta-analysis showed that reinforcement of PMMA can significantly increase FS and IS. Hence, it can be incorporated in clinical practice.

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