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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 126-133

Evaluation of the effect of silicone residue after different surface treatments on shear bond strength of glass ionomer cement to the dentin surface

Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. R Anusha
Department of Prosthodontics and Implantology, Vishnu Dental College, Door no. 6-24/2, Sri Nilayam, PortColony, Lakshmipuram, Vepagunta, Visakhapatnam - 530 047, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jips.jips_276_18

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Aim: Use of silicone fit-checking material during cementation of fixed restoration has shown to leave residual silicone film after peeling off of fit checker (FC). This residual film reduced bond strength of cement to the inner surface of restoration. Silicone residue effect on tooth surface needs to be studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of residual silicone film on shear bond strength (SBS) of glass ionomer cement (GIC) to dentin surface and the efficacy of different surface treatments (STs) on dentin in the removal of silicone residue. Materials and Methods: Fifty freshly extracted human molars were individually mounted on acrylic blocks and occlusal surfaces were ground flat until dentine surface was exposed. Specimens were divided into five groups as follows: Group I: without application of FC (n = 10) as control group; Group II: without any ST after peeling off FC (n = 10); Group III: ST using wet pumice after peeling off FC (n = 10); Group IV: ST with 37% phosphoric acid after peeling off FC (n = 10); and Group V: ST with 10% polyacrylic acid after peeling off FC (n = 10). GIC was placed on the dentinal surface using polyvinyl mold and subjected to SBS test using universal testing machine. The debonded specimens were observed under stereomicroscope for the mode of failure. Selected debonded dentinal surfaces from each group were examined under scanning electron microscope. One-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test. Results: Group II (1.083 MPa) showed significantly lower SBS. Among the STs, Group III (2.047 MPa) was comparable to the control group whereas Group IV (1.376 MPa) and Group V (1.63 MPa) were significantly lower. There was no significant association between failures and groups at P = 0.257. Conclusion: The residue of silicone was demonstrable on dentin surface after peeling off FC and caused a significant reduction in SBS between GIC and dentin. ST with wet pumice is found to be beneficial in removing silicone residue and improving SBS, followed by phosphoric acid and polyacrylic acid.

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